Optomyography: A novel approach of detecting muscular signals using optical sensors

Optomyography is a novel, non-invasive, non-contact optical method to measure muscular signals of the human body for diagnosing muscular disorders. It is also considered as an emerging technique for making better human-machine interfaces. Matt, Amrit, and Maneesh conducted an optomyogram experiment at Cornell University to sense the movement of fingers and wrist, and eventually to detect hand gestures. The ...

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Use a transistor as a heater

It is common to use transistors for driving resistive heating elements. However, you can use the heat that a power transistor dissipates to advantage in several situations, eliminating the need for a separate heating element because most transistors can safely operate at temperatures as high as 100°C. A typical example is in a biological laboratory, in which the need for maintaining the temperature of sampl ...

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A very simple DIY solar-powered USB charger

Yesterday, I built a very simple DIY solar-powered USB charger for my TP-link 10400mAh USB Power Bank. All I needed was a 6V/3.5W solar panel and the TD1410-based 5V buck converter module. I bought both of them on Aliexpress for less than $8. It was one of the easiest projects I built. All I needed to do was to connect the input of the 5V step-down buck converter to the output of the solar panel using two w ...

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Temperature-to-period circuit provides linearization of thermistor response

Designers often use thermistors rather than other temperature sensors because thermistors offer high sensitivity, compactness, low cost, and small time constants. But most thermistors' resistance-versus-temperature characteristics are highly nonlinear and need correction for applications that require a linear response. Using a thermistor as a sensor, the simple circuit in Figure 1 provides a time period var ...

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Introduction to I²C and SPI protocols

I²C vs SPI Today, at the low end of the communication protocols, we find I²C (for ‘Inter-Integrated Circuit’, protocol) and SPI (for ‘Serial Peripheral Interface’). Both protocols are well-suited for communications between integrated circuits, for slow communication with on-board peripherals. At the roots of these two popular protocols we find two major companies – Philips for I²C and Motorola for SPI – and ...

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Intersil’s High Current Switching Regulators Adopted in Huawei P9 Smartphone

MILPITAS, Calif., June 22, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Intersil Corporation (NASDAQ: ISIL), a leading provider of innovative power management and precision analog solutions, today announced the adoption of the company's ISL91110 switching regulators in Huawei's stunning new P9 smartphone. Intersil's ISL91110 buck-boost switching regulator supplies power to key system peripherals in the P9 dual-camera smartphone, u ...

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CO2, temperature and humidity monitor

CO2 Monitoring is mandatory in many workplaces and it affects two of my clients directly in Barrel Halls where wine is stored and aged in temperature and environmentally controlled areas. The table below shows the affects of various concentrations in the air. The project described below uses a MH-Z16 or MH-Z19 CO2 sensor and a DHT-22 (or DHT-11 if less accuracy is required) to measure the Temperature and Hu ...

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Infinite Noise True Random Number Generator

For instructions for compiling the and using Infinite Noise TRNG driver, go to the software sub-directory, and read the README file there. Both Linux and Windows are supported. The Infinite Noise TRNG is a USB key hardware true random number generator. It uses what I call a "Modular Entropy Multiplier" architecture (previously Infinite Noise Multiplier or FireBug). Besides being simple, low-cost, and fast, ...

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Driving 14-segment displays with the MAX6954

Abstract: This article is how-to guide, intended as a quick learning aid for engineers considering using the MAX6954 to drive 14-segment monocolor LEDs. The MAX6954 is a versatile display driver, capable of controlling a mix of discrete, 7-segment, 14-segment, and 16-segment LED displays through a serial interface. This application note shows a typical application and configuration for driving eight mono-co ...

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Using A Bench Power Supply To Charge Lithium Ion Batteries

David Jones has another useful video tutorial about how to safely charge Lithium Ion and Lithium Polymer batteries with a bench power supply. The purpose of this tutorial is to learn how to use your lab power supply to charge your Lithium Ion battery when you don’t have a special charger circuit to do so. He used NCR18650B in his tutorial, a 3.6V 3400mAh Lithium Ion battery from Panasonic. David warned us t ...

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