The Raspberry Pi doesn’t have a little coin-battery-powered ‘Real Time Clock’ (RTC) module, which keeps time even when the power is off, or the battery removed.
To keep costs low and the size small, an RTC is not included with the Raspberry Pi. If your Raspberry Pi is connected to the Internet via Ethernet or WiFi, the time/date will be automatically updated from the global ntp (nework time protocol) servers
For stand-alone projects with no network connection, you will not be able to keep the time when the power goes out.
So in this project we will show you how to add a RTC Click shield from Mikroelektronika, without the use of iron solder or breadboard.
These boards are just for example ( they don’t need any iron solder to connect ) , since this tutorial could be considered valid for any other boards using PCF8583 with Raspberry PI.
We just need to insert the two Click board as per below images.
A Raspberry PI with Pi Click shield ( on the left ) and a RTC Click shield ( on the right )
The 3 boards ( Raspberry PI ( on the bottom ) – Pi click Shield ( on the middle ) – RC Click shield ( on the top )
Now that we have the module correctly inserted we can set up the module, configuring the I2C :
If you are using Raspbian, you will need to open LXTerminal and enter the following command:
sudo nano /etc/modules
and add these two lines to the end of the file
After editing the file, you will need to reboot for the changes to take effect.
The I2C bus allows multiple devices to be connected to your Raspberry Pi, each with a unique address, that can often be set by changing jumper settings on the module. It is very useful to be able to see which devices are connected to your Pi as a way of making sure everything is working.
To do this, it is worth running the following commands in the Terminal to install the i2c-tools utility.
sudo apt-get install python-smbus
sudo apt-get install i2c-tool
Depending on your distribution, you may also have a file called /etc/modprobe.d/raspi-blacklist.conf If you do not have this file then there is nothing to do, however, if you do have this file, you need to edit it and comment out the lines below:
.. by putting a # in front of them. Open an editor on the file by typing
sudo nano /etc/modprobe.d/raspi-blacklist.conf
.. then edit the file so that it appears as below, and then save and exit the file using CTRL-x and Y.
Once this is all done, reboot!
Now when you log in you can type the following command to see all the connected devices (if you are running a 512MB Raspberry Pi Model B)
sudo i2cdetect -y 1