An IoT lamp with gesture seonsor, temperature sensor, and multiple light effects.
For a very special woman, I needed a very special and unique present. Something really cool. How about a NeoPixel lamp, that can be controlled with a smartphone.And why not adding some really funky features? Like turning the lamp on/off by the wave of your hand. And some nice animations. How about transmitting the temperature and humidity to your phone. And why not adding a scheduled sunrise, like the one from the sunrise simulator project? Too much? We'll see!
First of all I need a housing. I decided to use two old CD spindle boxes with different heights. The bigger one will house the Neopixels, the smaller one all the electronics. To make a little glow effect, I wanted to make the transparent plastic look like frosted glass. You can achieve it, by ‘polishing' it on the inside with sandpaper. To mount the Nepixels I used a pump spray bottle, that I've cut into length. A lot of hot glue, some holes for the wires and it's a piece of cake.
Problem 1: APDS 9960
As soon as the APDS 9960 gesture sensor starts working it blocks the processing of the microcontroller as it tries to check for a gesture. This leads to the stage that the animations stopped working smoothly.So I outsourced the gesture readings to an Arduino Nano. It communicates with the NodeMcu via three digital pins. I made my own small ‘protocol'. By setting the pins to HIGH/LOW I can transmit eight different sensor states.
Problem 2: BME 280
The temperature sensor doesn't want to initialize with the begin()-function of the library.I uploaded a I2C-scanner and checked for the I2C address. I searched the library of the sensor and find a method where you can define the address. With the call of begin(0x76, &Wire) the BME sensor just worked fine.
Does it look a little complicated? Maybe. But it's quite easy. Everything needs power, corresponding to it's specifications. The sensors can be powered by the voltage pins of the microcontrollers. The Neopixels need more current, as the controllers can provide, so it needs to be powered directly by the power supply. The APDS-9960 sensor is connected via I2C to the Nano. So it has to be pin A4 (SDA) and A5 (SCL). On the NodeMcu it doesn't matter which two pins we use, since nearly every two pins can be configured to act as I2C.
The lamp communicates via the MQTT protocol. I've put in a small Raspberry Pi Zero W, that acts as a MQTT broker. The Arduino Nano handles the gesture sensor and sends a signal to the NodeMcu to turn on/off all Neopixels. The NodeMcu has access to the BME280 sensor and publishes the temperature and the humidity to the MQTT broker. You can switch modes between On/Off and several animations. For nearly all functions (except the sunrise alarm and the disco light) you can set the desired RGB color.The NodeMcu syncs time with a NTP server. So you can set a time when to start the sunrise-mode.
Well, every NeoPixel is turned off. The Lamp still reacts to the gesture sensor
Sets all NeoPixels to the desired color.
Sets the color of the stripe one pixel at a time, starting from the bottom, rising to the top.
Blue Light (3)
A rotating light. Like the one the firefighter or the police use it. But in any color you want.
Fire Simulation (4)
Random flicker, that starts at the bottom, rises and falls randomly.
Turns on all LEDs at the desired color. Adds randomly some white sparkles to the light.
Remember the classical blink-sketch? Now with a hole lamp and the color you like.
Sunrise Alarm (7)
You set the hour and minute where the alarm starts and it simulates a sunrise (like in the sunrise simulator project).
Disco Lights (8)
Randomly sets up to 4 LEDs to a random color.
Why using three boards, when one can do the trick?
Raspberry Pi Zero W – Well this is not really part of this project. But I wanted a MQTT broker for the ESP. And for upcoming projects. So why not put it in the lamp? Where I have the place and already the needed power line?
ESP 8266 – The heart of this project. Why not an ESP32? Cos' I don't have one
Arduino Nano – I had a small delay with the library controlling the APDS 9960 gesture sensor. I could have used a ESP32, but I don't have one. I could programmed it on the Pi, but I didn't want to. It increases the cost by about 3.50 € and I found a simple way to transmit simple data. So, who cares?!
Everything fits in the CD case on the lower section. And the more boards you can see there, the cooler it looks. And I like the way it looks.