You can use it as remote switch, anti theft beacon, counter, movement detector and so on.
First, I would like to thank Amazon for announcing AWS IoT, a great environment for Internet of Things. After three weeks experiment I have successfully implemented my project with AWS IoT. Actually, I am thinking to make a Motion control IoT button which can be used to detect movement or thief from remote place and I was inspired by Amazon IoT button. Finally, I made it by Raspberry Pi and Amazon AWS IoT. I used PIR sensor for detecting the movement. Raspberry Pi is used here as a gateway which transmit a message to AWS using MQTT protocol. AWS IoT is working as a MQTT broker. Another Raspberry Pi is used as MQTT subscriber. When publisher publish message to a specific topic after detecting any movement MQTT broker( AWS IoT) transmit it to subscriber. According to received message subscriber (Raspberry Pi) implement predefined action. Action may be an alert or switching any light or camera etc. System also sends notification email or sms to your email address or phone number using Amazon SNS service.
Before going to the main task I want to give a brief introduction about mqtt protocol and PIR sensor.
MQTT protocol: MQTT is a machine-to-machine (M2M) / “Internet of Things” connectivity protocol. It was designed as an extremely lightweight publish/ subscribe messaging transport. It is useful for connections with remote locations where a small code footprint is required and/or network bandwidth is at a premium. — mqtt.org
MQTT protocol uses a publish/subscribe architecture in contrast to HTTP with its request/response paradigm. Publish/Subscribe is event-driven and enables messages to be pushed to clients. The central communication point is the MQTT broker, it is in charge of dispatching all messages between the senders and the rightful receivers. Each client that publishes a message to the broker, includes a topic into the message. The topic is the routing information for the broker. Each client that wants to receive messages subscribes to a certain topic and the broker delivers all messages with the matching topic to the client. Therefore the clients don’t have to know each other, they only communicate over the topic. This architecture enables highly scalable solutions without dependencies between the data producers and the data consumers.
Details of MQTT is available here: www.hivemq.com
PIR Sensor: PIR-based motion detector (PID) or a passive infrared sensor (PIR sensor) is an electronic sensor that measures infrared (IR) light radiating from objects in its field of view. They are most often used in PIR-based motion detectors. When a warm body like a human or animal passes by, it first intercepts one half of the PIR sensor, which causes a positive differential change between the two halves. When the warm body leaves the sensing area, the reverse happens, whereby the sensor generates a negative differential change. These change pulses are what is detected.
PIR motion sensor pin out
PIR sensor details
I hope you understand about MQTT and PIR Sensor. Now it is the time to start working:
Setup AWS IoT
All services in AWS are delivered via a rich set of REST APIs. You can use a service programmatically through the APIs by leveraging one of the many SDKs. You can use AWS cli. Alternatively, you can invoke services through the web-based AWS Management Console. To build my AWS environment, we will invoke AWS Management console. But keep in mind that every step we perform today can be done completely programmatically, which is one of the many reasons why the AWS cloud is so powerful. Follow the steps:
1. Create an AWS account from the link: http://aws.amazon.com/
2. Sign in to AWS Management console and from the Services select AWS IoT (Fig-1)
a. Click on Get Started (Fig-2)
b. Click on Create a thing
c. Type a thing name (e.g. raspberry) & click to Create
A thing named raspberry will be created (Fig-5)
Source: Motion Controlled AWS IoT Button