Raspberry pi NAS/UPNP MP3 Streaming Torrent Box headless
I have a Raspberry Pi model B and a desktop HDD and wanted to host all my music and videos,
Todo this I will be using raspbian wheezy for the Pi, mediatomb for the upnp streaming for the music and samba for videos to be shared with XBMC on your laptop or pc or even a second Raspberry Pi.
User requirements: to have the basic understanding of linux and how to run commands in a terminal as we will not be using a monitor plugged into the Pi
WARNING: I except no responsibility for any mistakes made with the programs and make sure that no other SD or USB flash drive is inserted and backup all your data before using
Step 1: Requirements
these are the items required to finish this project
1. Raspberry Pi (B)
2. power cable and power source
3. ethernet cable
4. USB HDD(any size portable or desktop)
5. SD card at least 4GB
6. case (if you want)
no monitor required
1. rasbian http://www.raspbian.org/
2. mediatomb http://mediatomb.cc/
3. XBMC(for your pc/laptop) http://xbmc.org/
4. image writer for linux https://launchpad.net/usb-imagewriter/+download
5. win32-diskimager http://sourceforge.net/projects/win32diskimager/
6. samba (from repo. see instructions)
Step 2: Install Rasbian and flash it to your SD card
first you need to install Rasbian from http://raspbian.org and flash it to your SD card using
WARNING: I except no responsibility for any mistakes made with the program and make sure that no other SD or USB flash drive is inserted and backup all your data before using
1. windows option
download win32-diskimager from http://sourceforge.net/projects/win32diskimager/
select the image downloaded and the device to flash to and then press write.
2. linux option
download image writer from here: https://launchpad.net/usb-imagewriter/+download
and once installed, use imagewriter to flash the SD with the image downloaded from rasbian.org
Select the image to write and the location to write to and select write to device.
Step 3: Prepare your HDD
to prepare your external storage that will hold all your music and videos, you will need to have it formatted in EXT4 (click here to learn about EXT4)
either NTFS or EXT4 will do if you cant format the HDD as its already got the files on it.
i have a desktop Hitachi HDD, you can leave it as NTFS if you want but for performance EXT4 is preferred.
you can format it using ubuntu or windows.
for Ubuntu open gparted or ubuntu disks
for windows use partition magic or alternative windows program but the installed partition manager will only format windows partitions
Step 4: setup Pi and connecting
plug in the SD card, Ethernet, and the external HDD then plug in the power.
because we are doing this without a monitor we require to find out the IP address of the Pi from your wireless router, or if you have an android phone you can use an ap called Fing, this app can search your wifi when connected for active computers and other devices connected to your wifi network, It will be called Pi or Raspbian pi or somewhere along these lines..
Once you have found your IP address you need to use SSH, you can do this from windows with a program called Putty or in linux in a terminal using the ssh command.
my IP address is 192.168.0.14 as i have forced the router to give the mac address of the Pi a predetermined IP address so i can connect over the internet also using Webmin.
so in putty or linux connect to the ip address the default user name is pi and the password is raspberry
in terminal run ssh [email protected]
in putty enter the IP address and connect then enter the username and password
username : pi
password ; raspberry
first thing you need to do after login is change the password but not only change the password create a non-admin/root user
first change the password of the user you have logged in as by typing:
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